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Hi friend,

Welcome to music theory lesson #3! Congratulations on completing the following lessons already:

Day 1: Major Scales
Day 2: Minor Scales / Blues Scale

... but we still have 8 lessons to explore!

 Day 3: Whole Steps, Half Steps & Intervals
 Day 4: Major Chords & Minor Chords
 Day 5: Chord Inversions
 Day 6: Seventh Chords
 Day 7: Blues Chord Progression
 Day 8: Scales & Chords
 Day 9: Ear-Training
 Day 10: Playing in every key

* All 10 lessons are taken right out our 300-pg workbook, "The Secrets to Playing Piano by Ear." While we provide thousands of musicians with the opportunity to learn the basics and fundamentals to playing the piano by ear for free (online), we cannot survive as a company without marketing our 300-pg workbook. Thus, you will read about it from time to time. However, if you are tremendously helped by these lessons, imagine what 300 pages will allow you to achieve? So... I recommend that you try out our free lessons and at any time, if you become more serious about learning to play the piano, visit:

Enjoy the 10-day e-mail course!

* 60 more lessons are available online! Just log-in from our homepage with the username "piano" and password "piano"

Note: "piano" without the quotation marks ( " " )

Lesson 3: Whole Steps, Half Steps, and Intervals

By now, you should already know what Whole and Half steps are.

To review:

Half Step (h): From key to key (no keys in between)
Whole Step (w): Every other key (one key in between)


2 Half steps = 1 whole step
2 Whole steps = 4 Half Steps
1 Half Step = 1 / 2 Whole Step


C to E = 2 Whole Steps / or 4 Half Steps
F to F# = 1 Half Step
G to C = 5 Half Steps / 2.5 Half Steps


Intervals are important. They form major, minor, and other type of chords.

Do you know what an interval is?

An Interval in music, is the "distance in pitch between two notes." In our 300-pg course, we cover over 7 different types of Intervals (major, perfect, melodic, harmonic, minor, augmented, diminished, etc)

In this lesson, we will cover only two:

Major Intervals & Perfect Intervals


Major Third:

Is the distance between the root and the (3) degree a major scale.

For example, in (C major), the root is (C) of course, and the (3) degree is: (E).

(C) and (E) played together is classified as a "major third." This is the beginning of a major chord.

Perfect Fifth:

Is the distance between the root and the (5) degree of a major scale.

For example, in (C major), the root is (C), and the 5th degree is: (G)

(C) and (G) played together is classified as a "perfect fifth."

As you will learn tomorrow, these two intervals combine to make up the "major chord."

Try to figure out the major third and perfect fifth intervals in all 12 major keys!

See you tomorrow and thank you for your time!

P.S. - Call us if you have any questions (1-877-856-4187)

Lesson three was taken from our 300-pg workbook, "The Secrets to Playing Piano by Ear!" The technique taught here is just one of several different techniques taught in our 300-pg course.


... for more information on our 300-pg course (only if you're serious about playing the piano by ear).

This Lesson is brought to you by Hear and Play Music Online!

The author of this course can be contacted or by visiting:

No part of this course may be reproduced without the permission of the author. Please e-mail Jermaine Griggs if you would like to feature his course in your e-zine or newsletter.

(C) Hear and Play Music


More Music Theory Piano Lessons

Major Scales Music Theory
Minor Scales / Blues Scale Theory
Whole Steps, Half Steps & Intervals
Major Chords & Minor Chords
Piano Chord Inversions
Piano Seventh Chords
Blues Piano Chord Progression
Piano Scales & Piano Chords
Piano and Keyboard Ear-Training
Playing in Every Major Piano Key
Common Musician Questions P1
Common Musician Questions P2
"4 Steps to Playing Most Songs"


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