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Welcome to music theory lesson #2! Congratulations on completing the following lessons already:

Day 1: Major Scales (Yesterday)

... but we still have 9 days to go!

Day 2: Minor Scales / Blues Scale
Day 3: Whole Steps, Half Steps & Intervals
Day 4: Major Chords & Minor Chords
Day 5: Chord Inversions
Day 6: Seventh Chords
Day 7: Blues Chord Progression
Day 8: Scales & Chords
Day 9: Ear-Training
Day 10: Playing in every key

* All 10 lessons are taken right out our 300-pg workbook, "The Secrets to Playing Piano by Ear." While we provide thousands of musicians with the opportunity to learn the basics and fundamentals to playing the piano by ear for free (online), we cannot survive as a company without marketing our 300-pg workbook. Thus, you will read about it from time to time. However, if you are tremendously helped by these lessons, imagine what 300 pages will allow you to achieve? So... I recommend that you try out our free lessons and at any time, if you become more serious about learning to play the piano, visit:

Enjoy the 10-day e-mail course...

* 60 more lessons are available online! Just log-in from our homepage with the username "piano" and password "piano"

Note: "piano" without the quotation marks ( " " )

Lesson 2: Minor Scales/ Blues Scales

As we learned yesterday - Scales are Important!!!!!!

If you know your scales, playing chords will be very very easy to do!

The Minor Scale

If you remember, the major scale pattern is:


Now, to add another "scale" to your musical toolbox, the minor scale pattern is simply:

W - H - W - W - H - W - W

The (C Minor Scale) is:

C - D - E flat - F - G - A flat - B flat - and C

From C to D is a whole step (w).

From D to E flat is a half step (h).

From E flat to F is a whole step (w).
From F to G is a whole step (w).

From G to A flat is a half step (h).

From A flat to B flat is a whole step (w).
From B flat to C is a whole step (w).

Try playing all 12 minor scales with the pattern above (C min, D flat min, D min, E flat min, and so on...)

Gospel Music

Gospel music is closely associated with the minor scale. Another scale that gospel music (and many other styles of music) utilizes is the:

Blues Scale

You've heard it in B.B. King's music! You've heard it in gospel, jazz, and rock. Just about any type of music you can think of utilizes the Blues Scale.

The Blues Scale is simply a minor scale without a few notes, and... with one "other" note added. An example is given below:

Remember that the (C minor) scale is:

C (1), D(2), E flat (3), F(4), G(5), A flat (6), B flat (7), and C (8) *** numbers represent scale degree

To create a blues scale, simply get rid of the (2) and (6) degree. In (C minor), that would be D and A flat. Then add the note in between the (4) and (5) degree.

1: Omitting the (2) and (6) notes would create the following scale:

C, E flat, F , G, B flat, C

2. Adding the note in between the (4) - F & the (5) - G would mean adding an F# (or G flat) between F and G.

3. The new scale is:

C - E flat - F - G flat - G - B flat - C

Try playing it!

Note: A blues scale only has 7 tones.

Blues Scales are always heard in gospel music!

Listen to some of your recordings and you're guaranteed to hear them!

Well... thank you for your time once again! I'll write to you tomorrow!

P.S. - Call us if you have any questions (1-877-856-4187)

Lesson Two was taken from our 300-pg workbook, "The Secrets to Playing Piano by Ear!" The technique taught here is just one of several different techniques taught in our 300-pg course.


... for more information on our 300-pg course (only if you're serious about playing the piano by ear).

This Lesson is brought to you by Hear and Play Music Online!

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No part of this course may be reproduced without the permission of the author. Please e-mail Jermaine Griggs if you would like to feature his course in your e-zine or newsletter.

(C) Hear and Play Music


More Music Theory Piano Lessons

Major Scales Music Theory
Minor Scales / Blues Scale Theory
Whole Steps, Half Steps & Intervals
Major Chords & Minor Chords
Piano Chord Inversions
Piano Seventh Chords
Blues Piano Chord Progression
Piano Scales & Piano Chords
Piano and Keyboard Ear-Training
Playing in Every Major Piano Key
Common Musician Questions P1
Common Musician Questions P2
"4 Steps to Playing Most Songs"


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