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Hi friend,

Welcome to music theory lesson #4! Congratulations on completing three lessons already:

Day 1: Major Scales
Day 2: Minor Scales / Blues Scale
Day 3: Whole Steps, Half Steps & Intervals

... but we still have 7 lessons to explore!

 Day 4: Major Chords & Minor Chords
 Day 5: Chord Inversions
 Day 6: Seventh Chords
 Day 7: Blues Chord Progression
 Day 8: Scales & Chords
 Day 9: Ear-Training
 Day 10: Playing in every key

* All 10 lessons are taken right out our 300-pg workbook, "The Secrets to Playing Piano by Ear." While we provide thousands of musicians with the opportunity to learn the basics and fundamentals to playing the piano by ear for free (online), we cannot survive as a company without marketing our 300-pg workbook. Thus, you will read about it from time to time. However, if you are tremendously helped by these lessons, imagine what 300 pages will allow you to achieve? So... I recommend that you try out our free lessons and at any time, if you become more serious about learning to play the piano, visit:

Enjoy the 10-day e-mail course!

* 60 more lessons are available online! Just log-in from our homepage with the username "piano" and password "piano"

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Lesson 4: Major Chords & Minor Chords

Yesterday, you learned:

-how to construct the major Interval
-how to construct the perfect Interval

Major Third: Distance between root and (3) degree

Perfect Fifth Interval: Distance between root and 5th

The Major Chord

The (major chord) is created by combining the major third and perfect fifth intervals.

For example, in (C major), a major third interval is from (C) to (E). A perfect fifth interval is from (C) to (G)

Combining these two intervals looks like the following:

(C) to (E) and (C) to (G).

Since the root is used in both intervals and can only be played once, the (C major) chord is:

(C) + (E) + (G).

The Minor Chord

The (minor chord) is created just like the major chord. The only difference is that it utilizes a "minor third" interval instead of a "major third" interval (the perfect fifth remains the same).

If a major third is the difference between the root and (3) degree, what do you think a minor third is?

Minor Third: Difference between the root and lowered (3) degree.

The minor third is a major third interval "squeezed in" by a half step. For example, in (C major), the major third interval is from (C) to (E).

The minor third simply lowers the (E) a half step to (E flat). Thus a minor third is: (C) - (E flat).


Major Third = (C) - (E)
Minor Third = (C) - (E flat)
Perfect Fifth = (C) - (G)

Combining a Minor third and a Perfect fifth creates a minor chord:

(C) + (E flat) + (G)

Here are other ways of figuring out a major or minor chord:

Major Chord: Take the (1) (3) and (5) of the major scale and play them all together.

Minor Chord: Take the (1) (3) and (5) of the minor scale and play them all together.

******* Learning all your major and minor scales will allow you to know all of your major and minor chords!

--- In our 300-pg course, we take you step by step through each key and its major scale, major chord, minor chord, and more! Check out our 300-pg course by visiting:


C Major = (C) (E) (G)
C Minor = (C) (Eb) (G) b = notation for flat

Try learning the major and minor chords of all 12 keys! Just use the same exact pattern.

Good job! Until tomorrow!

P.S. - Call us if you have any questions (1-877-856-4187)

Lesson four was taken from our 300-pg workbook, "The Secrets to Playing Piano by Ear!" The technique taught here is just one of several different techniques taught in our 300-pg course.


... for more information on our 300-pg course (only if you're serious about playing the piano by ear).

This Lesson is brought to you by Hear and Play Music Online!

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No part of this course may be reproduced without the permission of the author. Please e-mail Jermaine Griggs if you would like to feature his course in your e-zine or newsletter.

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More Music Theory Piano Lessons

Major Scales Music Theory
Minor Scales / Blues Scale Theory
Whole Steps, Half Steps & Intervals
Major Chords & Minor Chords
Piano Chord Inversions
Piano Seventh Chords
Blues Piano Chord Progression
Piano Scales & Piano Chords
Piano and Keyboard Ear-Training
Playing in Every Major Piano Key
Common Musician Questions P1
Common Musician Questions P2
"4 Steps to Playing Most Songs"


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