HearandPlay.com March 2006 Newsletter
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Contents:
I. Welcome
II. Announcements
III. Online Classroom:
"How to correctly
identify intervals! Part 2"

Dear Musician,
Welcome to my March
newsletter!
In this month's classroom
lesson, we're going to start where we left off in February.
By now, you should be a
pro at determining generic intervals.
If you see F and A, you
should know right away that they are a third apart. If you see a G and C, you
should know that they are a fourth apart. If you see Db to F#, you should know
that the relationship between these two notes is a third interval.
If you don't understand
this concept, I invite you to study my February newsletter and return to this
lesson later.
Note: Determining generic
intervals is a lot different than specific intervals. I highly recommend
reading the February 2006 newsletter first.
Meanwhile, for those of
you who are ready, let's dive right in!
Enjoy.
 Online Classroom: "How to correctly identify intervals! Part 2"  Note: You might want to print this lesson out for easier reading... Last month, you learned the fundamentals to determining the name of an interval. Just to recap, here's the chart I posted in my last online classroom lesson.
The table below shows the interval names and the number of half steps associated with each type of interval.
Notice from the chart above: The terms "major" and "minor" are reserved for second, third, sixth, and seventh intervals. The term "perfect" is reserved for unison, fourth, fifth, and octave intervals, though you really don't hear it a lot with unison and octave. So, fourths and fifths, for sure, get the "perfect" term. You won't ever hear perfect second or perfect third because the perfect term only goes with unison, fourth, fifth, and octave, as I noted above. Later, you'll learn about augmented and diminished terms. They have purposes as well. Here's the tricky part though. You now know that an interval with 4 half steps separating the notes is called a major third. An example of this would be C to E. This is the same interval that helps to create the major chord. Let's look at an interval like C to Eb. What would this be called? Just count up the half steps: C to Db is 1 Db to D is 2 D to Eb is 3 3 half steps = minor third Keep in mind that your answer must also pass the "generic interval" test. Is C to Eb a third? C is 1 D is 2 E is 3 Yes, it passes! What about C to D#? C to Db is 1 Db to D is 2 D to D# is 3 Hmmm, it has three half steps. Three half steps means a third sure enough, but would this pass the "generic test?" C is 1 D is 2 According to what we know about naming intervals, this should be a second. ANY C to ANY D is a second  no doubt about it! This is where you will need to use the qualifying terms: Augmented and Diminished. Augmented means to make bigger. Diminished means to make smaller. In this case, we have a second that is three half steps apart. Since we can't call it a third, we will have to call it an augmented second... in other words, a "second made bigger." So basically, when an interval is a half step larger, it is said to be augmented. When an interval is a half step smaller, it is said to be diminished. I'm going to quiz you on this but first, let's do a practice question together. What is a major third up from D? Step 1: Determine generic interval: D is 1 E is 2 F is 3 So far, I know that a third up from D is going to be SOME kind of F. I don't know which F at the moment but because I have a good education in "generic intervals," I know that a third up from D can be nothing other than some kind of F. Step 2: Determine specific interval: Once we've determined some kind of F, we need to figure out what kind of F it would need to be to create a major third interval. From our chart above, we know that major third intervals always have 4 half steps in between the lower and upper note. So start at D: D to D# is 1 D# to E is 2 E to F is 3 F to ____ is 4 This is the big question. Do we say F# or Gb? Well, since we've already done step 1 and we know we're looking for SOME KIND OF F, it would make absolutely NO SENSE to choose Gb. Therefore, the answer is F#. Answer: From D to F# is a major third interval. Now, this gets so much faster over time. Trust me. You'll be identifying intervals in seconds as you rehearse these concepts more and more. Let's complete these questions: 1) A perfect fifth up from B __________________________________ 2) A perfect fifth down from C __________________________________ 3) A minor third up from Eb __________________________________ 4) A major sixth up from A __________________________________ 5) A major third down from G __________________________________ 6) A perfect fourth up from F __________________________________ 7) A major second down from C __________________________________ 8) A minor seventh up from A __________________________________ 9) A major sixth down from D __________________________________ 10) A minor third down from F __________________________________ Answers are below: 1) A perfect fifth up from B Generic: B is 1 C is 2 D is 3 E is 4 F is 5 Specific: B to C is 1 C to C# is 2 C# to D is 3 D to D# is 4 D# to E is 5 E to F is 6 F to F# is 7 Answer: B up to F# is perfect fifth 2) A perfect fifth down from C Generic: C is 1 B is 2 A is 3 G is 4 F is 5 Note: Counting down generically is the same thing. Just count alphabet backwards. Specific: C to B is 1 B to Bb is 2 Bb to A is 3 A to Ab is 4 Ab to G is 5 G to Gb is 6 Gb to F is 7 Answer: C down to F is a perfect fifth 3) A minor third up from Eb Generic: E is 1 F is 2 G is 3 Specific: Eb to E is 1 E to F is 2 F to Gb is 3 Answer: Eb up to Gb is a minor third 4) A major sixth up from A Generic: A is 1 B is 2 C is 3 D is 4 E is 5 F is 6 Specific: A to A# is 1 A# to B is 2 B to C is 3 C to C# is 4 C# to D is 5 D to D# is 6 D# to E is 7 E to F is 8 F to F# is 9 Answer: A up to F# is a major sixth 5) A major third down from G Generic: G is 1 F is 2 E is 3 Specific: G to F# is 1 F# to F is 2 F to E is 3 E to Eb is 4 Answer: G down to Eb is a major third 6) A perfect fourth up from F Generic: F is 1 G is 2 A is 3 B is 4 Specific: F to Gb is 1 Gb to G is 2 G to Ab is 3 Ab to A is 4 A to Bb is 5 Answer: F up to Bb is a perfect fourth 7) A major second down from C Generic: C is 1 B is 2 Specific: C to B is 1 B to Bb is 2 Answer: C down to Bb is a major second 8) A minor seventh up from A Generic: A is 1 B is 2 C is 3 D is 4 E is 5 F is 6 G is 7 Specific: A to A# is 1 A# to B is 2 B to C is 3 C to C# is 4 C# to D is 5 D to D# is 6 D# to E is 7 E to F is 8 F to F# is 9 F# to G is 10 Answer: A up to G is a minor seventh 9) A major sixth down from D Generic: D is 1 C is 2 B is 3 A is 4 G is 5 F is 6 Specific: D to C# is 1 C# to C is 2 C to B is 3 B to A# is 4 A# to A is 5 A to G# is 6 G# to G is 7 G to F# is 8 F# to F is 9 Answer: D down to F is a major sixth 10) A minor third down from F Generic: F is 1 E is 2 D is 3 Specific: F to E is 1 E to Eb is 2 Eb to D is 3 Answer: F down to D is a minor third We're done for this lesson. I hope you enjoyed it! Coupled with last month's newsletter, you should have a good knowledge of intervals and will never quote a major or minor chord wrong again. Remember: Major chord = Major third plus perfect fifth interval Minor chord = Minor third plus perfect fifth interval Explore these chord types to prepare for future newsletters:
Well, I hope you enjoyed this newsletter and I'll be back soon! Take care! This concludes your Online Classroom Lesson If you were intrigued by the online classroom lesson above, then you would definitely benefit from my course! *** “The Secrets to Playing Piano By Ear” 300pg Course *** With 20 chapters and over 300 pages, the home piano course provides several resources, techniques, tips, principles, and theories to playing the piano by ear. Along with hundreds of chords and scales, you'll also learn how to turn them into gospel, jazz and blues chord progressions and better yet, how to use them to play ABSOLUTELY any song you want ... IN VIRTUALLY MINUTES! Again, don't miss this opportunity. I've even added an additional bonus if you purchase the course this week  You can read more about the course at: http://www.homepianocourse.com Enjoy this edition? Visit our message board and let us know! https://www.hearandplay.com/board Please Let a friend know about HearandPlay.com! PLEASE FORWARD THIS NEWSLETTER TO YOUR ENTIRE EMAIL ADDRESS BOOK. Yours Truly, Jermaine Griggs www.HearandPlay.com www.GospelKeys.com
