• Revealed: 60 Chords Every Jazz Musician Must Be Familiar With

    in Chords & Progressions,Experienced players,Jazz music,Piano

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    You arrived at this page because you’ll want to learn 60 chords every jazz musician must be familiar with.

    Although jazz music harmony is complex, learning and mastering these 60 chords can keep your head above the waters because they are regularly used in most chord progressions and songs.

    Let’s get started!

    60 Chords Every Jazz Musician Must Be Familiar With

    There are five seventh chord types that every serious jazz musician must learn in all twelve keys on the keyboard:

    Major seventh chords

    Minor seventh chords

    Dominant seventh chords

    Half-diminished seventh chords

    Diminished seventh chords

    If you do the math:

    5 x 12 = 60

    So, let’s go ahead and outline and provide these chords.

    12 Major Seventh Chords

    Adding the seventh tone of the major scale to the major triad produces the major seventh chord. For example, adding the seventh tone in the key of C major:

    …which is B:

    …to the C major triad:

    …produces the C major seventh chord:

    Major seventh chords are found on the first and fourth tones in the major key and on the third and sixth tones in the minor key.

    “Check Out All The Major Seventh Chords…”

    C major seventh chord:

    Db major seventh chord:

    D major seventh chord:

    Eb major seventh chord:

    E major seventh chord:

    F major seventh chord:

    Gb major seventh chord:

    G major seventh chord:

    Ab major seventh chord:

    A major seventh chord:

    Bb major seventh chord:

    B major seventh chord:

    12 Minor Seventh Chords

    Adding the seventh tone of the minor scale to the minor triad produces the minor seventh chord. For example, adding the seventh tone in the key of C minor :

    …which is Bb:

    …to the C minor triad:

    …produces the C minor seventh chord:

    Minor seventh chords are found on the second, third, and sixth tones in the major key and on the first and fourth tones in the minor key.

    C minor seventh chord:

    C# minor seventh chord:

    D minor seventh chord:

    Eb minor seventh chord:

    E minor seventh chord:

    F minor seventh chord:

    F# minor seventh chord:

    G minor seventh chord:

    G# minor seventh chord:

    A minor seventh chord:

    Bb minor seventh chord:

    B minor seventh chord:

    12 Dominant Seventh Chords

    Lowering the seventh tone of any given major seventh chord by a half step produces the dominant seventh chord. For example, lowering the seventh tone in the C major seventh chord:

    …which is B:

    …by a half-step (to Bb):

    …produces the C dominant seventh chord:

    Although dominant seventh chords can be applied on the fifth tone in any key (whether major or minor) they also function as passing chords to any scale-degree chord.

    C dominant seventh chord:

    Db dominant seventh chord:

    D dominant seventh chord:

    Eb dominant seventh chord:

    E dominant seventh chord:

    F dominant seventh chord:

    Gb dominant seventh chord:

    G dominant seventh chord:

    Ab dominant seventh chord:

    A dominant seventh chord:

    Bb dominant seventh chord:

    B dominant seventh chord:

    12 Half-diminished Seventh Chords

    Lowering the fifth tone of any given minor seventh chord by a half step produces the half-diminished seventh chord. For example, lowering the fifth tone in the C minor seventh chord:

    …which is G:

    …by a half-step (to Gb):

    …produces the C half-diminished seventh chord:

    The half- diminished seventh chord is the chord of the seventh tone in the major key and the second tone in the minor key.

    “Check It Out…”

    C half-diminished seventh chord:

    C# half-diminished seventh chord:

    D half-diminished seventh chord:

    Eb half-diminished seventh chord:

    E half-diminished seventh chord:

    F half-diminished seventh chord:

    F# half-diminished seventh chord:

    G half-diminished seventh chord:

    G# half-diminished seventh chord:

    A half-diminished seventh chord:

    Bb half-diminished seventh chord:

    B half-diminished seventh chord:

    12 Diminished Seventh Chords

    The diminished seventh chord is formed using a diminished triad. Adding another note that’s a minor third aboveĀ  any given diminished triad produces the diminished seventh chord.

    Using the F# diminished triad:

    …the F# diminished seventh chord can be formed by adding another note that’s a minor third above the F# diminished triad:

    A minor third above the F# diminished triad:

    ….is Eb:

    Therefore adding Eb:

    …to the F# diminished triad:

    …produces the F# diminished seventh chord:

    The diminished seventh chord is the chord of the seventh tone in the minor key. However, it can be used to substitute the half-diminished seventh chord.

    C diminished seventh chord:

    C# diminished seventh chord:

    D diminished seventh chord:

    Eb diminished seventh chord:

    E diminished seventh chord:

    F diminished seventh chord:

    F# diminished seventh chord:

    G diminished seventh chord:

    G# diminished seventh chord:

    A diminished seventh chord:

    Bb diminished seventh chord:

    B diminished seventh chord:

    Final Words

     

    The following two tabs change content below.
    Hello, I'm Chuku Onyemachi (aka - "Dr. Pokey") - a musicologist, pianist, author, clinician and Nigerian. Inspired by my role model Jermaine Griggs, I started teaching musicians in my neighborhood in April 2005. Today, I'm privileged to work as a music consultant and content creator with HearandPlay Music Group sharing my wealth of knowledge with thousands of musicians across the world.

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