• # A quick study on intervals

in Theory

By now, you should already know what Whole and Half steps are.

To review:

Half Step (h): From key to key (no keys in between)
Whole Step (w): Every other key (one key in between)

Equivalents:

2 Half steps = 1 whole step
2 Whole steps = 4 Half Steps
1 Half Step = 1 / 2 Whole Step

Examples:

C to E = 2 Whole Steps / or 4 Half Steps
F to F# = 1 Half Step
G to C = 5 Half Steps / 2.5 Half Steps

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Intervals
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Intervals are important. They form major, minor, and other type of chords.

Do you know what an interval is?

An Interval in music, is the “distance in pitch between two notes.” In our 300-pg course, we cover over 7 different types of Intervals (major, perfect, melodic, harmonic, minor, augmented, diminished, etc)

In this lesson, we will cover only two:

Major Intervals & Perfect Intervals

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Major Third:

Is the distance between the root and the (3) degree of a major scale.

For example, in (C major), the root is (C) of course, and the (3) degree is: (E).

(C) and (E) played together is classified as a “major third.” This is the beginning of a major chord.

Perfect Fifth:

Is the distance between the root and the (5) degree of a major scale.

For example, in (C major), the root is (C), and the 5th degree is: (G)

(C) and (G) played together is classified as a “perfect fifth.”

As you will learn tomorrow, these two intervals combine to make up the “major chord.”

Try to figure out the major third and perfect fifth intervals in all 12 major keys!

See you later and thank you for your time!

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#### Jermaine Griggs

Founder at HearandPlay.com
Hi, I'm Jermaine Griggs, founder of this site. We teach people how to express themselves through the language of music. Just as you talk and listen freely, music can be enjoyed and played in the same way... if you know the rules of the "language!" I started this site at 17 years old in August 2000 and more than a decade later, we've helped literally millions of musicians along the way. Enjoy!

#### Latest posts by Jermaine Griggs (see all)

1 Marshall Davis

As a 76 year young student I find this kind of info very useful. And all I can add is thanks for all the well written information. Getting used to piano terminology is key, to me anyway, to achieve understanding. There are sooo many catagories or areas that show up when you start to learn or play. I have a tendency to try to cover to much. I’m getting there but it tests my patience and I want to keep making it fun.

2 Jermaine

@marshall! Congrats on your decision to learn and thanks for your great feedback! You’ll get all you need here so come back regularly. Just take it step by step and you’ll be alright :).

All the best,
Jermaine

3 margaret

hello jermaine I would like to thank you letting me jion your class I would like to know how to play my song call jeessica I HEAR MY NOTES BUT iAM HAVING TROUBLE PLAYING THE NOTS PLEASE GIVE ME SO HELP WITH THIS

4 Matthew

Hi Sir,pls can you explain, share or send me more about chords progressions or applications.God Bless!

5 Laura

Thank You sooo much for spelling everything out so easily!! I am a Music “Business” major, and for some odd reason taking music theory is a required class? By following exactly what you said, I was able to take my exam and feel totally confident! Again thank you so much!

6 AutoSmart

Sup glance at this pingback when you have a chance

7 Tina

As I write, I was just laid off my job. I’m devastated. I’ve got a lovely voice, I play and compose melodies by ear but never learnt a thing about music. I like your strategies and I just dream of composing better stuff with awareness of more chords.. Could you help me??? I’m just so lost and looking out for the open windows….